Treatments available to enhance your facial structure.
What is Pigmentation?
Pigmentation is one of the commonest skin condition in the world. Patients usually presents with discolouration of the skin, and one such example is Melasma. It is hormonally driven and is common in women who are pregnant. Sunlight may also aggravate the condition. Melasma is most common in people with darker skin and people who live in tropical countries.
What are the symptoms of melasma?
Brown patches on the skin are the main symptom of melasma. The patches can be light or dark brown or sometimes gray or blue.
It is most common for melasma to happen symmetrically on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose, and chin. Melasma can also happen around the jaw.
How can melasma be treated?
Melasma is often challenging and complex to treat. Creams, pills, lasers, light therapy and other energy devices can be used to treat and usually combination therapy is most effective.
If you have melasma, you should also:
Always wear sunscreen that protects against UVB and UVA rays (sample brand names: Neutrogena sunscreens with Heliocare, La Roche-Posay Anthelios SX). The sunscreen should have a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. Put on more sunscreen every 2 hours while you are outdoors.
Wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect your face from the sun.
Melasma caused by pregnancy usually goes away in about a year, but melasma can be a long lasting condition. The dark patches do not always go away completely. They can also come back if you stop using sunscreen and other sun protection.